present continuous – prgressive

Present Progressive – Use

1) actions happening at the moment of speaking

Peter is reading a book now.


2) fixed plan in the near future

She is going to Basel on Saturday.


3) temporary actions

His father is working in Rome this month.


4) actions happening around the moment of speaking (longer actions)

My friend is preparing for his exams.


5) trends

More and more people are using their computers to listen to music.


6) repeated actions which are irritating to the speaker (with always, constantly, forever)

Andrew is always coming late.


Signal words

now, at the moment, Look! Listen!


Form

to be (am, are, is) + infinitive + -ing


Examples

Affirmative sentences:

I am playing football.
I’m playing football.
You are playing football.
You’re playing football.

Negative sentences:

I am not playing football.
I’m not playing football.
You are not playing football.
You’re not playing football.
You aren’t playing football.

Questions:

Am I playing football? Are you playing football

Present Progressive – Signal words

Signal words tell you what tense you have to use. In the Present Progressive these words are used in situations which happen at the time of speaking.

now
at the moment
Look!
Listen!

Form of the Present Progressive/Continuous

We use a form of to be (am, are or is), the infinitive of the verb and the ending –ing.

to be (am, are, is) + infinitive + -ing


Affirmative sentences:

I am playing volleyball.
He/she/it is playing volleyball.
We/you/they are playing volleyball.

NOTE: Use am with I – is with he, she, it – and with all other pronouns are.

We often use short forms in affirmative sentences in the Present Progressive.


Negative sentences:

I am not playing volleyball.
He/she/it is not playing volleyball.
We/you/they are not playing volleyball.

NOTE: We often use short forms in negative sentences in the Present Progressive.


Questions:

In the Present Progressive we put the auxiliary (am, are or is) before the subject
(Auxiliary – Subject – Verb – Rest).

Am I playing volleyball?
Is he/she/it playing volleyball?
Are we/you/they playing volleyball?

 

 

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